Frida 12.2 Released

Frida 12.2 Released

Let’s talk about iOS kernel introspection. It’s been a while since Frida got basic support for introspection of the iOS kernel, but in the last months we kept improving on that. Today’s release includes significant additions to our Kernel API to work with recent 64-bit kernels.

Kernel base

You can get the kernel’s base address by reading the Kernel.base property. Having the base allows for example to calculate the slid virtual address of any symbol you already know from static analysis of the kernel cache.

The memory search API has been ported to the Kernel, so you can use Kernel.scan() (or Kernel.scanSync()) in the same way you use Memory.scan() (or Memory.scanSync()) in userland. This is a powerful primitive which, combined with the recent bit mask feature, allows you to create your own symbol finding code by searching for arm64 patterns.

KEXTs and memory ranges

With Kernel.enumerateModules() (or Kernel.enumerateModulesSync()) it’s now possible to get the names and the offsets of all the KEXTs.

Kernel.enumerateModuleRanges() (or Kernel.enumerateModuleRangesSync()) is the way to enumerate all the memory ranges defined by the Mach-O sections belonging to a module (by name) filtering by protection. The result is similar to what you can get in userland when calling Module.enumerateRanges() but it also includes the section names.

Final notes

All Kernel APIs don’t rely on NativePointer because its size depends on the user-space which doesn’t necessarily match the kernel space one. Instead all addresses are represented as UInt64 objects.

All of this, plus the existing JavaScript interfaces for reading, writing, and allocating kernel memory can provide a powerful starting point to build your own kernel analysis or vulnerability research tools.

Note that this is to be considered experimental and messing with the kernel in random ways can wildly damage your devices, so be careful, and happy hacking!

Troubleshooting

Problem: Kernel.available is false

The Kernel API is available if both of these conditions are met:

  • Your device is jailbroken
  • Frida is able to get a send right to the kernel task, either by traditional task_for_pid (0) or by accessing the host special port 4 (which is what modern jailbreaks are doing)

The recommended way to accomplish the latter is to attach to the system session, i.e. PID 0, and load your scripts there.

Problem: can’t do much with my 32-bit kernel

Yes, that could improve in the future but 32-bit iOS is quite far down on the list of priorities nowadays, but you’re very welcome to contribute and send PRs.

Problem: I was trying to do X and the kernel panicked

Don’t worry that’s normal. You can go to the /private/var/mobile/Library/Logs/CrashReporter directory on your device, or navigate to Settings -> Privacy -> Analytics -> Analytics Data, find your panic log and figure out what you (or Frida) did wrong. Remember: the Kernel is always right!

Problem: I unrecoverably damaged my device using Frida Kernel APIs

Sorry to hear, if the damage is at the hardware level and you can dedicate enough time and money you can probably repair it yourself by following tutorials at https://ifixit.com.


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原文链接: frida.re